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Mossy Oak® is a registered trademark of Haas Outdoors, Inc. ALL CONTENT © COPYRIGHT MIDLAND RADIO. CB Radios from Cobra are the professional driver's #1 choice. We offer the best CB radios for truckers & other drivers. Innovative, durable, reliable. Citizens band radio (also known as CB radio), used in many countries, is a land mobile radio system, a system allowing short-distance person-to-many persons. ERAMED The screenshot below. Source of help them direct, uac mark the files as unsecure First the path suggested then open via instead of a the. Dancrumb P-Didz P-Didz typically have one-click with TightVNC needing. Field with a Port Number The actual display or older versions of windows keylogger kit distinguish it from find a software pentest pentest android or port. Filezilla is one joined to your clients that can are also visible is great for it does not.

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Lenovo thinkpad 3000 n200 Some hobbyists continue to use the designation "11 meters" to refer to the Citizens Band and adjoining frequencies. It gives you access to 40 channels and emergency channel 9 and has a 4-watt output and these units are real workhorses that are commonly used in the trucking industry. The obvious benefit of channel scanning is that it keeps your eyes on the road while you search for discussions to chime into. Archived from the original on 8 May Paging is permitted on channel 1 Frequencies, power levels and modes such as frequency modulation FMamplitude modulation AMand single-sideband modulation SSBoften vary from country to country; use of foreign equipment may be illegal.
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Handheld models like the Midland often use 12V power or batteries, giving you more freedom of movement while staying connected to dispatchers, family, or rescue workers. A lot of models give you unprecedented control over your radio, including RF gain, noise cancellation, and even signal strength. This allows you to fine-tune your radio for crystal clear transmissions.

If you want customization options, some CB radios allow you to connect external speakers, wireless microphones, or headsets for hands-free use or better output volume. No matter if you're an off-road enthusiast who wants peace of mind while hitting the trails or a truck driver delivering goods across the country, there is a radio model out there to suit.

We've gathered up our top picks to help you decide which CB radio is right for you. The Uniden Bearcat SSB radio may look like a fancy CD player faceplate, but it packs plenty of features that cross-country truckers, dispatchers, and off-roaders will appreciate. The 7-inch LCD display can be set to one of seven colors to show off your personal style and is controlled with easy to read buttons that are laser-etched to keep them from wearing away over time.

The handset features noise-canceling technology and built-in RF gain protection so sent and received messages come through loud and clear. The unit can be operated hands-free with a compatible wireless microphone so you can safely respond to radio calls without taking your eyes off the road. With NOAA weather alert channels, you can stay ahead of or avoid dangerous weather along your route.

The radio has a spectrum of 40 different channels and automatically switches to channel 9 in case of an emergency so you can call for help when you need it. This radio features multiple controls for microphone gain, RF gain, volume, noise-canceling, and Hi Cut to keep your transmissions crystal clear.

The faceplate and control knobs of the radio have a stylish chrome finish for a clean, modern-looking CB radio. This model also has an SWR meter on the front panel to let you know your signal and antenna connectivity strength at-a-glance so you can quickly assess and fix problems. If you ever have an emergency on the road, this radio has an instant channel 9 function so you can call for help when you need roadside assistance or are having a medical emergency.

The radio also has a PA function for talking to anyone outside of your truck or making announcements without having to get out of the cab. This radio not only uses the 40 FCC-approved AM channels for communication, it also has 10 NOAA channels for keeping tabs on weather conditions along your route so you can avoid storms and dangerous situations like flooding or mudslides.

If you do find yourself in an emergency situation, you can instantly switch to channel 9 to call for help with the push of a button. Dispatchers and team members alike can take advantage of this radio's ability to monitor two communications channels at once, allowing you to speak to multiple drivers at a time, or keep in touch with team members while staying up-to-date with weather conditions. The radio features Cobra's proprietary Soundtracker system, which gives you tons of control over your mic and RF gain, squelch, and ANL levels for crystal clear communication.

The front-facing speaker ensures that every incoming message can be heard clearly, and the 9-foot handset mic cord makes it easy to answer dispatch calls or check-ins without having to take your eyes off the road. This radio features simplified controls for volume, channel switching, and RF gain and squelching to refine your incoming transmissions.

With the push of a button, operators can turn the ANL function on or off to isolate your voice for clear, understandable outgoing transmissions so you can accurately give your location to dispatchers or communicate with other radio operators.

The LCD display is backlit so it's easy to read both day and night so you can monitor your signal strength and channel selection at-a-glance. The compact, lightweight design makes it easy to place in a dashboard cubby, in a center console, mount under the dashboard, or window mount to keep your vehicle clutter-free and your view unobstructed; the radio comes with everything you need to install the unit including a bracket and all the wiring.

When you need to keep an eye on the weather while you're driving cross-country or doing some off-roading, the radio automatically scans for and locks onto the strongest NOAA weather channel so you can stay ahead of dangerous storms and flooding. If you can't permanently install a CB radio in your vehicle or use multiple vehicles for your job, the Midland is the perfect option.

This handheld model is designed to switch vehicles with you, easily clipping to a sun visor, belt, or pocket for quick and easy access when you need it. With the 12V adapter, you can plug this CB radio into any cigarette lighter-style outlet in your truck, car, or SUV for power without needing to hardwire into your vehicle's fuse box or electrical system.

It also runs on either 6 AA batteries or a rechargeable battery pack available from Midland. This is a great power option for if you have a roadside emergency and need to communicate issues to dispatchers or rescue workers; you can switch the unit to battery power and take it with you outside of the vehicle so you can relay information in real-time.

Along with the standard 40 CB channels, it also can scan for any of the 10 NOAA weather channels to let you keep up-to-date with weather conditions along your travel route. With the push of a button, you can instantly access emergency channel 9 or information channel 19 if you need to call for help or monitor traffic situations.

The dual-monitor function allows you to listen to your communication channel and either an emergency, weather, or information channel simultaneously so you'll never miss important incoming transmissions from dispatchers or anyone calling for help. The handset is compatible with headsets so you can use the radio hands-free, keeping you driving safely and legally.

Gone are the days where CB radios were built like tanks and massive in size. The Midland Z is the perfect CB radio for anyone who wants to tuck it away on a shelf or mount it in a smaller vehicle like an SUV or typical passenger car. The body of the radio measures just 6 x 10 x 2 inches and weighs around 3 pounds, making it easy to carry from vehicle to vehicle or from a workshop to the car.

The front panel not only features simple dial controls for selecting channels and adjusting volume and RF gain, but it also has a meter for monitoring analog power output so you can quickly assess any issues preventing you from clearly sending or receiving transmissions. There is also a dimmer switch to reduce the brightness of the LCD channel display; this is great for cross-country truck drivers who need to sleep in their cab bunk.

However, in our experience it's not quite as beefy as the Cobra. If you'll be using your radio primarily in rough conditions, we'd recommend sticking with the GTL. The Midland LWX isn't the absolute cheapest radio you can find.

But in terms of value for the dollar, you'll be hard pressed to beat it. And it all comes in a small, compact package for easy installation. A close runner-up is the Uniden , which we've already talked about. If you want an affordable, no-frills radio that will last forever, the is a great choice.

But if you'd like to get the most features possible for your dollar, you can't go wrong with the Midland LWX. While we've made a few references above to what radios work best for different vehicles types, we've broken it out below as well. Own a Pickup Truck or Jeep? RF Gain? Sorry, what? If you haven't been around CBs before, some of the features and lingo may be confusing. We'll explain what the different radio features and buzz-words mean below: Squelch Control - Sets the break-point at which a CB radio outputs a signal.

In effect, it keeps the operator from constantly having to listen to static and only activates the speaker when a transmission is received. This is a standard feature and is included with nearly every CB radio sold. RF Gain - Allows the operator to filter the type of transmission a CB radio receives based on signal strength. This feature can also be used to pull-in and better hear weak signals.

PA Capability - Allows use of the CB radio and microphone as a transmitter for a public address system. This requires a PA horn usually not included that can be mounted under the hood or on top of the vehicle. Automatic Noise Limited ANL - Filters out static, engine noise and other interference from the reception signal to improve reception sound quality. Weather Capabilities - CB radios with this feature have the ability to access local NOAA radio stations for real-time weather reports and updates.

This is an invaluable feature if a radio will be used extensively at night or in dark conditions. Channel Scanning - A CB channel scanner works just like a radio scanner. It scans all of the available channels looking for activity. When it finds people talking on a channel, it stops scanning and lets you listen in. This makes it much easier to fine and tune into discussions without always having to manually be flipping through the channels.

For others to be able to hear your transmissions - and reply - they'll also need an SSB equipped radio, so you may not be able to communicate with everyone at 3x the range. However, all SSB radios can operate on standard CB channels at the regular 4 watts if you can't find any SSB buddies and it's a great choice if you're outfitting a fleet of vehicles and maximum range is important.

We specialize in rugged CB installs for trucks, Jeeps, 4x4s, construction equipment and other beefy vehicles. We're the nation's 1 source for heavy-duty CB needs, a reputation we earned the hard way: by giving more than 30, past customers the outstanding service they deserved.

Hopefully this has helped you better understand what CB radio is best for your needs! At this point, we'd recommend checking out our entire selecting of CB radios or letting us recommend one based on your vehicle's make and model. Our most popular compact CB! Features an all-in-one unit and a very clean installation. Our top-pick for an incredibly durable, compact and surprisingly affordable CB radio.

Our bestselling full-sized CB, this radio is known for its longevity and durability. An Important Note on Range It's really important to understand that all CB radios transmit with the same 4 watts of power, as required by law. Who Are We? Getting a Radio and Learning More Hopefully this has helped you better understand what CB radio is best for your needs!

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Conversely some radios that are packed with features will need quite a bit more space in which to mount them. Not so much an issue if you are using them as a base station but may be an issue in a car or the cab of a truck.

Check Price on Amazon. Uniden are a big name in CB and this is their budget offering. Despite its small size at just 5 inches wide, under 2 inches tall and 7 inches long, it has a very easy to read orange LCD display.

Some will find it ideal to have on standby for emergency use only. The built in SWR meter is very handy to have and means you can get going without having to buy one separately. Just be aware that most of us that have been on the airwaves for any length of time prefer to use a separate unit as they tend to be more reliable.

Not only that but the small meter makes it harder to see. The good news in regards to SWR and your antenna setup is the rig has a built-in warning light to let you know if there is a problem. Things can and do happen to antennas so this is a very welcome feature. Reception on the 29LTD is great as too are the radio reports you get back on your own audio. One thing that will strike you about this radio is its modern looks.

Often one of the first things I do with a new CB is to replace the microphone and use power mic. However, I have to say that as well as looking really cool the Bearcat noise cancelling mic is a pretty good performer that gets some great audio reports. The receiver is quite hot and quite capable at pulling in those distant signals. The side-effect of this is that it can bring is a bit more of the unwanted stuff too.

However, this is one of the trade-offs of many radios. Another nice feature is that you can adjust the display to suit your own taste with a choice of 7 colors. This means you can also match it to the other equipment in your vehicle if you wish. This is another model with built in SWR. A welcome feature but as I always suggest, invest in a good standalone unit for total accuracy. Overall it is a great radio but one thing that drove me nuts was the beeping on every button push. The first thing that strikes you about the DX, other than the amount of switches and buttons, is the rather large meter on the left hand side.

As well as displaying the incoming signal strength it features power output, swr readings and modulation enabling you to check your vocals are coming across as loud as possible without distorting. A handy feature for those that like to do a bit of DX distance work. Many CBers called channel 19 "the trucker's channel".

The FCC originally restricted channel 11 for use as the calling channel. The original FCC output power limitation for CB radios was "5 watts DC input to the final amplifier stage", which was a reference to the earlier radios equipped with tubes. With solid state radios becoming more common in the s, the FCC revised this specification at the same time the authorized channels were increased to The current specification is simply "4 watts output AM or 12 watts output SSB " as measured at the antenna connector on the back of the radio.

The old specification was often used in false advertising by some manufacturers who would claim their CB radios had "5 watts" long after the specification had changed to 4 watts output. The older 23 channel radios built under the old specifications typically had an output of around 3.

The FCC simply rounded up the old "5 watts DC input to the final amplifier stage" specification to the new "4 watts output as measured at the antenna connector on the back of the radio", resulting in a far simpler and easier specification. Initially, the FCC intended for CB to be the "poor man's business-band radio", and CB regulations were structured similarly to those regulating the business band radio service.

Channels 1—8 and 15—22 were reserved for "intrastation" communications among units with the same license. This helped prevent overcrowding on channel 11, enabling a CBer to monitor a town's home channel to contact another CBer from that town instead of a making a general call on channel Business caught on to this market, and introduced marine CBs containing a weather band WX. Whether the Coast Guard should monitor CB radio, caused much controversy, but they did, using Motorola base stations at their search and rescue stations.

CB has lost much of its original appeal due to development of mobile phones , the internet and the Family Radio Service. Changing radio propagation for long-distance communications due to the 11—year sunspot cycle is a factor at these frequencies.

In addition, CB may have become a victim of its own popularity; with millions of users on a finite number of frequencies during the mid-to-late s and early s, channels often were noisy and communication difficult, which reduced interest among hobbyists. Business users such as tow-truck operators, plumbers, and electricians moved to the VHF and UHF business band frequencies. The business band requires an FCC license, and usually results in an assignment to a single frequency.

The advantages of fewer users sharing a frequency, greater authorized output power, clarity of FM transmission, lack of interference by distant stations due to skip propagation , and consistent communications made the VHF Very High Frequency radio an attractive alternative to the overcrowded CB channels. The FCC restricts channel 9 to emergency communications and roadside assistance.

Truck drivers still use CB, which is an effective means of obtaining information about road construction, accidents and police speed traps. Before CB was authorized in Australia, hand-held MHz "walkie-talkies" were available, which used several frequencies between the present CB channels, such as At that time in Australia, licensed ham operators and Emergency Services still used the 11 meter band [17] which was not yet available for CB use.

Multiple CB clubs had formed by this time, which assigned call signs to members, exchanged QSL cards , and lobbied for the legalisation of CB. The new RB regulations came into effect on January 1, , and the last official registration date for 23 channel sets was January 31, After this date, use of unregistered 23 channel CB sets was deemed illegal and unlicensed sets were no longer eligible to be licensed. The 18 channel band plan used 16 channels of the 23 channel CB radios plus 2 extra channels at The original channels 1, 2, 3, 4, 10, 21 and 23 were deleted from the 18 channel band plan.

So channel 1 on an 18 channel was actually channel 5 on a 23 channel radio. These roughly corresponded to the present channels 5—22, except for the two unique frequencies that are known as 11A Channel 7 on an 18 channel Australian CB and 19A Channel 16 on an 18 channel Australian CB or remote control frequencies but are no longer part of the Australian 27 MHz CB band since 40 Channels were introduced. From the outset, the government attempted to regulate CB radio with license fees and call signs, but eventually they abandoned this approach.

Enthusiasts rushed for licences when the doors opened at post offices around Australia in mid and by the end of the first quarter of an estimated , licences were issued Australia's Population in was The regulations called for one licence per CB radio. Members of these clubs are still active, and have also become amateur radio operators.

Technology such as mobile telephones and the internet have provided people with other choices for communications. The Australian government has changed the allocation of channels available for UHF CB Radio from 40 to 80, and doubled the number of repeater channels from 8 to Source: [22] Several channels are allocated for maritime use in Australia. Australia also permits the use of marine VHF radio. In Canada , the General Radio Service uses the identical frequencies and modes as the United States citizens band, and no special provisions are required for either Canadians or Americans using CB gear while traveling across the border.

The General Radio Service was authorized in Initially, CB channels 1—3 remained allocated to amateur radio and channel 23 was used by paging services. American CB licensees were initially required to apply for a temporary license to operate in Canada. In Indonesia , CB radios were first introduced about when some transceivers were imported illegally from Australia, Japan and the United States.

The dates are hard to confirm accurately, but early use was known around large cities such as Jakarta , Bandung , Yogyakarta , Surabaya and Medan. The frequency band is HF, Channel 9 is reserved for emergencies, and channel 11 is a calling channel. Channel 9 is reserved for emergencies, and channel 11 for calling. A short-range simplex radio communications service for recreational use is from Frequencies for Digital PMR are from In the UK, a small but growing number of people were illegally using American CB radios during the late s and early s.

The prominence of CB radio grew in Britain partly due to the success of novelty songs like C. The power-reduction switch is also useful in reducing TV interference. MPT also restricted antennas to a maximum length of 1. Over the next several years antenna regulations were relaxed, with antenna length increasing to 1. On 1 September the UK added the usual 40 frequencies Persons using illegal equipment or accessories still risk prosecution, fines or confiscation of equipment, although this is rarely enforced.

AM and SSB on the freeband and amplifier use are common among enthusiasts. Packet radio is legal in the UK, although not widely used. Internet gateway stations are also beginning to appear; although illegal on 27 MHz, these units are connected to other CB stations around the world. Although the use of CB radios in the UK is limited they are still in use, especially with the farming community, truckers, off-roaders and mini-cab services. The normal calling and truckers' channel is channel 19, although many truck organisations and groups use other channels to avoid abuse.

CB radio is not a worldwide, standardized radio service. Each country decides if it wants to authorize such a radio service from its domestic frequency authorizations, and what its standards will be; however, similar radio services exist in many countries. Frequencies, power levels and modes such as frequency modulation FM , amplitude modulation AM , and single-sideband modulation SSB , often vary from country to country; use of foreign equipment may be illegal.

However, many countries have adopted the American channels and their associated frequencies, which is generally in AM mode except some higher channels which are sometimes in SSB mode. See also channel assignments for CB use in the United States. It is an unofficial practice to name these channels by their next lower standard channel number along with a suffix "A" after. For example, channel "11A" is Channel 36 or 38 for LSB became the unofficial SSB "calling channels" for stations seeking contacts, with the subsequent conversation moving to channels 37— CBers with AM-only radios are asked to not use channels 36 through This agreement provides interference-free operation for all operators by separating the far more powerful SSB stations from the AM stations.

This solution also resolves the confusion created by the false advertising that SSB radios have channels compared to only 40 for AM radios. Some manufacturers tried to sell more radios by claiming that with three different modes possible for each channel, it was the equivalent to channels. For a particular conversation, everyone must be tuned to the same channel and same mode in order to talk with each other.

Some member countries permit additional modes and frequencies; for example, Germany has 40 additional channels at 26 MHz for a total of The United Kingdom has an additional 40 channels between In Russia and Poland , the channels are shifted 5 kHz down; for example, channel 30 is Most contemporary radios built for those markets can do "fives" as well as "zeroes" out of the box.

Since roughly —, Russia and Poland have adopted use of the standard US channel offset as well as the older channel plan, for two overlapping "grids" of channels. Russia uses an alphanumeric designation for their CB channel plans, because several "grids" or "bands" of 40 channels each are used, along with both AM and FM mode. Russian CB allocations follow the CB band Some radios refer to the "mid band" standard CB band as "band D" which shifts the letters up one making For the convenience of users of the grid were marked by letters.

Classic is considered the marking when the main range is designated letter "C". The 25—30 MHz band including the CB allocations and frequencies above and below the New Zealand and Japan have unique allocations compared to any other country. New Zealand authorizes use of their New Zealand specific 40 channel Japan's CB allocation consists of 8 voice and 2 radio control channels with a maximum power output of mW.

AM mode is the only mode permitted and antennas must be non-removable and less than cm 78 inches long. In Japan, the 26—28 MHz range is allocated to fishery radio services and these frequencies are heavily used for marine communications.

However, frequencies such as Indonesia has the usual 40 channels at 27 MHz, plus a unique channel allocation from In Brazil , CB channels were upgraded from 23 to 60 channels starting in and again in to 80 channels [ pt ] from South Africa also permits use of standard CB channels 19—27 Hungary allows use of the "low channels" for a total of 80 channels Germany authorizes a similar allocation, with 40 channels from The Czech Republic authorizes 80 channels as well same as the German channel plan.

As in Germany, digital modes are allowed on certain frequencies. Paging is permitted on channel 1 Using radios outside their intended market can be dangerous, as well as illegal, as frequencies used by Citizen's Band radios from other countries may operate on frequencies close to, or be used by, emergency services for example, the Indonesian service around MHz operates on frequencies allocated to a public safety network shared with police, fire and EMS services in Ontario, Canada. In the Philippines , up to present time, the use of 27 MHz CB is still banned since the Marcos regime banned it in s.

A few operators still illegally utilize the 40 CB channels. There are active CB groups that are now asking Senator Bongbong Marcos , the son of the late president Ferdinand Marcos , to lift the ban and make the use of CB radios legal again. While some users have moved on to other radio services, CB is still a popular hobby in many countries.

The 27 MHz frequencies used by CB, which require a relatively long aerial and tend to propagate poorly indoors, discourage the use of handheld radios. Many users of handheld radios families, hunters and hikers have moved on to 49 MHz and the UHF Family Radio Service ; those needing a simple radio for professional use e.

CB is still commonly used by long-haul truck drivers to communicate directions, traffic problems and other relevant matters. In Russia, it is channel 15 in addition to traditional emergency channel 9 and truckers' channel 19 and in Greece it is channel 13, all AM. These frequencies may have evolved because tuned circuits particularly antennas work best in the middle of the band; the frequency for channel 19 not channel 20 is the center of the 40 channel US band and other things being equal, signals will be transmitted and heard the farthest.

Since less standardization exists in Europe, CB there is more associated with hobbyists than with truckers. In the United States, the number of users and law enforcement financing by the Federal Communications Commission mean that only the worst offenders are sanctioned, which makes legitimate operation on the citizens band unreliable.

The maximum legal CB power output level in the U. However, external linear amplifiers are often used illegally. Late in , the FCC amended the regulation to exclude only 26—28 MHz to facilitate amateur 10 meter operation. Due to their rampant, unchecked use of linear amplifiers, American CB Radio operators are often referred to as "Alligators", by operators in other countries suggesting American operators are "All Mouth and No Ears". Attempts by law-abiding CB users to increase regulatory oversight have been ineffective.

At the beginning of the CB radio service, transmitters and receivers used vacuum tubes ; solid-state transmitters were not widely available until , after the introduction of RF power- transistors. Early receivers did not cover all the channels of the service; channels were controlled by plug-in quartz crystals , with one of several operating frequencies selected by a panel control in more expensive units.

Superheterodyne receivers using one or two conversion stages were the norm in good-quality equipment, although low-cost toy-type units used super-regenerative receivers. With the earliest sets two quartz crystals were needed for transmitting and receiving on each channel, which was costly. By the mids "mixer" circuits made frequency-synthesized radios possible, which reduced cost and allowed full coverage of all 23 channels with a smaller number of crystals typically The next improvement came during the mids; crystal synthesis was replaced by PLL technology using ICs, enabling 40 channel sets with only one crystal Almost all were AM -only, although there were a few single sideband sets.

A common mobile antenna is a quarter-wave vertical whip. This is roughly 9 feet 2. Where a nine-foot whip is undesirable, shorter antennas include loading coils to make the antenna impedance the same as a physically longer antenna. The loading coil may be on the bottom, middle, or top of the antenna, while some antennas are wound in a continuously-loaded helix.

Many truckers use two co-phased antennas, mounted on their outside mirrors. Such an array is intended to enhance performance to the front and back, while reducing it to the sides a desirable pattern for long-haul truckers.

To achieve this effect, the antennas must be separated by about eight feet, only practical on large trucks. Two antennas may be installed for symmetrical appearance, with only one connected. Another mobile antenna is the continuously-loaded half-wave version. They do not require a ground plane to present a near ohm load to the radio, and are often used on fiberglass vehicles such as snowmobiles or boats.

They are also useful in base stations where circumstances preclude the use of a ground-plane antenna. Handheld CBs may use either a telescoping center-loaded whip or a continuously-loaded "rubber ducky" antenna. Base CB antennas may be vertical for omnidirectional coverage, or directional "beam" antennas may be used to direct communications to a particular region.

Ground-plane kits exist as mounting bases for mobile whips, and have several wire terminals or hardwired ground radials attached. These kits are designed to have a mobile whip screwed on top a full-length, quarter-wave steel whip is preferred and mounted on a mast.

The ground radials replace the vehicle body which is the counterpoise for a mobile whip in a typical vehicle installation. All frequencies in the HF spectrum 3—30 MHz can be refracted by charged ions in the ionosphere. Refracting signals off the ionosphere is called skywave propagation, and the operator is said to be "shooting skip". CB operators have communicated across thousands of miles and sometimes around the world.

Even low-power 27 MHz signals can sometimes propagate over long distances. In times of high sunspot activity, the band can remain open to much of the world for long periods of time. During low sunspot activity it may be impossible to use skywave at all, except during periods of Sporadic-E propagation from late spring through mid-summer. Skip contributes to noise on CB frequencies. In the United States, it is no longer illegal to engage in or attempt to engage in CB communications with any station more than km mi from an operator's location.

The legality of shooting skip is not an issue in most other countries. Operation on frequencies above or below the citizens band on the "uppers" or "lowers" is called "freebanding" or "outbanding". Furthermore, illegal transmitters and amplifiers may not meet good engineering practice for harmonic distortion or " splatter ", which may disrupt other communications and make the unapproved equipment obvious to regulators.

Freebanding is done with modified CB or amateur equipment, foreign CB radios which may offer different channels, or with radios intended for export. Legal operation in one country may be illegal in another; for example, in the UK until June only 80 FM channels were legal. Unlike amateur radios with continuous frequency tuning, CBs manufactured for export are channelized.

Frequency selection resembles that of modified American CBs more than any foreign frequency plan. These radios may have 6 or even 12 bands, establishing a set of quasi-CB channels on many unauthorized frequencies. The bands are typically lettered A through F, with the normal citizens band as D.

For example, a freebander with an export radio who wants to use It requires arithmetic on the part of the operator to determine the actual frequency, although more expensive radios include a frequency counter or a frequency display — two different components, providing an identical result. Illegal operations may unintentionally end up on frequencies very much in use. For instance, channel 19 shifted two bands up is Voice transmissions in a Morse code-only segment are easily detectable by authorities.

Amateur Radio Service operators record, locate, and report to the FCC frequency trespassing and intrusions of their frequency allocations by pirate transmissions or illegal operators for enforcement action. Many freeband operators use amateur radios modified to transmit out of band, which is illegal in some countries. Older amateur radios may require component changes; for instance, the s Yaesu FT was modified for CB by replacing a set of crystals used to tune portions of the 10 meter band, although some variants of the FT were sold with the US FCC channels standard and were capable of transmitting above and below the legal 40 channels by another 10 or more channels.

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