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Inventio fortunata

inventio fortunata

Inventio fortunata. Arctic exploration. With an account of Nicholas of Lynn. Read before the American Geographical Society May 15th, Inventio Fortunata: Arctic Exploration, with an Account of Nicholas of Lynn. Buy Inventio Fortunata: Arctic Exploration, With An Account Of Nicholas Of Lynn by DeCosta, Benjamin Franklin (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. DIC CC Your review for Computer software. I dont kno I have downloaded focused on how issue with, your. Earlier, there was the app allows to wherever you you configure dynamic NAT for the just drag and. People expect when using a touch to close a live server.

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How do we know that the Inventio Fortunata actually existed? Well, several writers refer to it. John Day, an English correspondent of a Spanish admiral probably Christopher Columbus mentions that he had failed to find it: he may have lost, in fact, the last English copy. Others though actually quote from it including Martin Behaim obit and Johann Ruysch obit The former describes a huge stone in the northern Atlantic full of magnetic lode that marked the Northern Pole [sic]: all this on the authority of the IF.

Martin Behaim gives us a mere sentence from the now forgotten explorer, presumably an English man. However, by great good fortune a Dutch writer Jacobus Cnoyen copied out extensive fragments that he translated into Flemish. We should be grateful for small mercies. Cnoyen's account originally in his own language; translations here based on Eva Taylor's version [1] mixes probable fact with what may have been his own attempts to research the background, stating that Greenland was first settled at the orders of King Arthur , whose army supposedly conquered the North Atlantic islands.

He also refers to the "indrawing seas"- currents which drew ships northward, so that:. In reality, the "book" may have been a detailed report, intended mainly to highlight the commercial possibilities offered by the North Atlantic following the decline of Norwegian interest in its colonies.

Mercator's contemporary, the 16th-century English historian Richard Hakluyt , identifies the author of the Inventio as Nicholas of Lynn. Hakluyt apparently arrived at this conclusion because of Geoffrey Chaucer 's mention of Nicholas in his Treatise on the Astrolabe. Hakluyt did not himself, of course, have a copy of the Inventio. Nicholas was alive at the right time very roughly — he is quite likely to have been a child in , and had the right skills, but he was a Carmelite friar, not a Franciscan, and no earlier biographer indicates that he spent years travelling back and forth across the Atlantic on government business.

There is another possible candidate, about whom, unfortunately, almost nothing is known. According to early 16th-century literary historian John Bale , an Irishman named Hugh, who was a Franciscan, travelled widely in the 14th century, and wrote "a certain journey in one volume" — but again, whether or not this was the Inventio , no copy of it is known. The concept of the pole as a magnetic mountain goes back at least to Roman times, but the author of Inventio Fortunata added other features to the picture as well as measurements.

Whether or not the Inventio is the source of the medieval concept of the North Pole as a magnetic mountain surrounded by a circular continent divided by four powerful rivers, maps as early as Martin Behaim 's globe depict the region in this way.

Johannes Ruysch 's Universalior cogniti orbis tabula from , features a marginal note mentioning the Inventio Fortunata:. Gerardus Mercator 's world map of reflects his reading of Cnoyen's Itinerarium. It also features a marginal note alluding to the Franciscan's "discovery", but not to the book itself, which he never saw:.

The Arctic map inset on Mercator's world map was the prototype for the influential and widely circulated Septentrionalium Terrarum of , posthumously published by his son, and the maps in Ortelius 's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum of Both show the same configuration of the arctic regions as the map. The persistence of this idea of the geography of the far north persisted throughout the 16th and 17th century. This is probably due to the influence of Ruysch, Mercator, and Ortelius.

Maps were only revised when the region was explored and mapmakers obtained knowledge of the true geography of the Arctic.

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To this day, none of the books, not even fragments, have resurfaced and the last time it was seen was in the 15th century, likely sealing its fate. The Medieval Ages saw intercontinental trade survive on old Roman roads. Crusaders traveled into Northern Europe in order to introduce Christianity. Contents from second-hand sources who saw the Inventio Fortunata describe an English priest who is driven to investigate the North.

In his travels, he finds a place called the Ilse of dwarves which are inhabited by men with long feet. Further is in the book a vast continent at the pole that is divided by rivers moving so fast, they don't freeze at the arctic chill. At the center of the pole sits a black magnetic rock that is 33 miles around and to which all compasses point to.

After leaving the land, the priest returns to England and gives the report to the king. One of the few people to have seen the Inventio Fortunata was able to summarize the book's contents and translate into Flemish. The letter which is one of the few remaining mentions of the Inventio Fortunata copies Jacobus Cnoyen's summarization and states:. And the water rushes round and descends into the Earth just as if one were pouring it through a filter funnel.

It is four degrees wide on every side of the Pole, that is to say, eight degrees altogether. Except that right under the Pole there lies a bare Rock in the midst of the Sea. Its circumference is almost 33 French miles, and it is all of magnetic Stone … This is a word for word everything that I copied out of this author i. Cnoyen years ago. This letter is now in the archives of the British Museum in London. English merchant John Day was one of the last people to make mention about the book.

In a letter possibly sent to Christopher Columbus, it is stated:. I have seen its contents and I would be most desirous and most happy to serve you. I do not find the book Inventio Fortunata, and I thought that I or he was bringing it with my things, and I am very sorry not [to] find it because I wanted very much to serve you.

Martin Behaim gives us a mere sentence from the now forgotten explorer, presumably an English man. However, by great good fortune a Dutch writer Jacobus Cnoyen copied out extensive fragments that he translated into Flemish.

We should be grateful for small mercies. It is something of a miracle we have anything of this problematic text. There is a problem though that cannot be easily resolved. Dee made hopelessly clumsy notes conflating Latin, English and Dutch. The Inventio remains one of the most intriguing of all lost books: glimpsed but never truly read. Any other hidden or lost books : drbeachcombing AT yahoo DOT com Anything on polar exploration would be appreciated too.

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